Gabeh (long-wfted pileless carpet)

This is a type of tapestry with wool wrap, weft and piles for weaving which at least 5 twisted (spun) wefts are used. Abstraction and beauty of designs of this carpet is such that many of the art experts compare it with modern European paintings and even European painters like Paul Cle and “Kandinsky” in creating their works have made use of the designs of the Iranian Gabehs. Amongst other characteristics of Gabeh one can point to hand spun wool and the colors (dyes) used to weave them. Due to personal and internal use of these papestries amongst the tribes, they are small-sized.

 

 Gabbeh is a kind of coarse rug woven by the women of nomadic tribes in the southwest of Iran. Carrying the unfinished ones together with weaving frameworks on their beasts of burden when seasonally decamping to migrate to and fro between cold and warm regions, they install the weaving frames horizontally on the ground (as against the usually vertical frameworks of stationary carpet workshops) during the months they camp in propitious climates. The motifs of gabbeh, made with sheep wool and other materials dyed with natural pigments, are improvised, with inspirations from surrounding landscape and natural elements as well as folklore and fables recounted since time immemorial - and the weavers' own moods. That is why each gabbeh, very much like a piece of artistic handicraft, is singularly unique, defying classification in general patterns.  

Though widely used for various purposes by itinerant clans, these rather primitive rugs are not as popular as the more sophisticated, fancy carpets among the urban population of Iran who rarely, if at all, display them in the most conspicuous places of their dwellings. Undeservedly neglected, gabbeh has every right to claim the status of grass-root art.

Kilim
It is a pileless papestry woen by tribes and some villagers in most parts of Iran. Beauty and abstraction of designs, use of local raw materials, employment of vegetal dyes for dyeing fibers and excellent coloring are amongst some of the specifications which, from the viewpoint of beauty lead us to categorize Kilim as Gabeh.. Kilims are woven in various sizes which, depend directly on their application.

 

Jajim (coarse blanket)
This is a type of traditional cloth that is woven by tribes-men and villagers from wool wrap and weft on traditional carpet loom. Amongst its characteristics, one can point to it original designs and use of vegetal dyes to dye its fibes. Jajims are often made of spieces sewed together which follow the same pattern. They are sized about 125 x 170 cm.

 

Namakdan (salt vessel) 
Amongst the tribes, there is a tapestry called Namakdan (or salt container) used for transporting and keeping salt and ceredals. That’s why their designs usually involve the meaning of “ aboundance”. Namakdan can be seen both as kilim and joined kilim and carpet.
Sofreh (tablecloth)
Pices of kilim of different sizes, usually 110 x 170 cm used for keeping bread.
Satchel
One of the tribal papestries mostly resembling hand bag, used to keep cereals. Another application of satchel is for shepherds who use it to take along with them their foodstuffs.Satchels, like Namakdans, could be seen both in the form kilim and kilims sewed to carpets.

 

Tobreh ( Varamin ) - 45 * 45 cm - 90 Years Old 

 

 

 

Mafrash(Traveling bag)
A type of tribal papestry also called “Rakhtekhab-pich” (wrappe for bed clothes) which is used amongst tribemen as sort of cover for boxes containing tribemen’s bedclothes. This type of tapestry is usually woven employing the kilim-weaving technique.

 

Mafrash ( Azerbayjan ) - 145 * 120 cm - 80 Years Old

 

 

 

 

Orang (throne) 
In the ancient times, application of special patterns, designed worked out on paper was not prevalent amongst the tribes therefore, other tapestries ontaining various motifs were used as models. This type of model tapestry was known as “Orang” or “ Copy”.

 

 

Yalmeh (cloak)

A type of tapestry with wool weft, wrap and piles woven in a region with the same name located between Charmahal va Bakhtiari and Fars. Further information in this regard has been provided in the section on “Geography of carpet-weaving regions” and also in “Fars” section.
 

Horse cover

An ornamental tapestry of kilim quality employed on horse and as a protection between saddle and the horse. Some carpet specialists consider “Pazirik carpet” as a sort of horse cloth as well.

 

Joleasb ( Bakhtiyari ) - 190 * 140 cm - 80 Years Old 

 

 

 

 

khorjin

 

Khorjin ( Lori-Bakhtiyari ) -131 * 105 cm - 90 Years Old